Cannabidiol (CBD) and Cannabigerol (CBG) are two popular cannabinoids found in hemp.
Like CBD oil, CBG is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, which means it does not produce the “high” feeling or any other side effects typically associated with marijuana use.
All cannabinoids start life as CBGa or cannabigerolic acid. This cannabinoid forms in the stalks of hemp plants in low concentrations.
But what’s the difference between CBG vs CBD?
CBGa usually only makes up around 1% of the plant volume, whereas a mature plant could contain as much as 25% CBD.
As the plant matures, the CBG breaks down into other cannabinoids such as CBD, CBC and THC.
Some CBG remains when the plant is harvested for CBD, but not much.
Since plants must be harvested earlier and offer a small yield, CBG is one of the most expensive cannabinoids available.
As a result, some have described it as the Rolls Royce of cannabinoids, but we suspect this is nothing more than marketing.
This article will explore what makes CBG different from CBD and how broad-spectrum CBD oil is enhanced thanks to the presence of CBG.
What's in this Guide?
What is CBG?
CBD is also known as cannabigerol. It is one of the many cannabinoids extracted from commercial hemp.
What is interesting about CBG is that it is the building block for all cannabinoids.
CBD and THC both start as CBG, as in the early stages of a plant’s life, the plant is rich in CBG. If commercial hemp were to be harvested earlier, it would have high levels of CBG.
CBG is rapidly converted into CBD, CBC and THC as the plant matures.
Since there is more commercial demand for CBD oil, the vast majority of suppliers focus on CBD. But it would be inaccurate to say that only CBD makes it into the finished product.
A broad-spectrum CBD oil will typically also contain small amounts of CBG. This is not an accident.
Cannabinoids work best when combined with other cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes. When these compounds work together, it is known as the entourage effect.
Research into CBG is very thin, but it is thought that CBG can interact directly with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain. However, the effects of this are still unknown, as CBG is not the subject of many studies.
Which Is Better, CBG vs CBD?
Scientists think that CBG might be more effective when interacting with cannabinoid receptors in the brain, but more research is needed before we can say for sure.
It’s hard to know what CBG is good for when we don’t fully understand its interaction with the body.
Interest in the different cannabinoids is sure to prompt more sellers to start offering this compound. However, as a consumer, it’s essential to be careful when purchasing cannabinoid products.
In order to extract higher levels of CBG from a commercial hemp plant, it must be harvested earlier. This means the plant is smaller and will produce less oil.
As a result of the smaller yield, CBG is much more expensive than CBD.
This is something that some unscrupulous retailers may seek to exploit. It’s also possible that in the pursuit of higher CBG profiles, manufacturers may produce a product with higher levels of THC.
What Are The Benefits Of Taking CBD And CBG Together?
When learning about cannabinoids and the effect these compounds have on the body, you may have learned about the entourage effect. The entourage effect is the name given to the way cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids work together in the body.
Many CBD users believe that cannabinoids work better with other compounds rather than alone. The entourage effect that is the subject of most studies is the relationship between CBD and THC.
More research is needed to understand the relationship between CBG and CBG and how they work together.
How Does CBG Make You Feel?
Any information about how CBG might make you feel is purely anecdotal. So tread carefully when learning about CBG and other cannabinoids from companies looking to make a profit from – you guessed it – CBG.
Early studies have suggested that CBG might help to boost anandamide levels in the body.
Anandamide is our natural cannabinoid.
When taken alongside CBD, this could boost anandamide levels further. CBD helps inhibit anandamide’s breakdown.
Does CBG Get You High?
No, CBG is not thought to be psychoactive. Psychoactive means that it can change your mental state of behaviour, but CBG is not thought to do this.
The Home Office does not list CBG in their drug licensing fact sheet.
This means that CBG products are perfectly legal, provided they do not contain high levels of THC.
Some users report that CBG has a calming effect, similar to CBD. However, it’s worth noting that not everyone experiences cannabinoids in the same way.
What Is CBG Used For?
Analysis of early research has suggested that CBG might have pain-relieving properties, and so it is being tested as a potential treatment for certain types of chronic pain.
CBG has also been found to be an anti-inflammatory compound in early studies, which mean it could help with conditions such as arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease.
CBG may also help reduce intraocular pressure. However, as mentioned before, studies are minimal, so don’t feel you need to run out and stock up on CBG just yet.
Not only are the effects not yet fully understood, but we also don’t know how much of the compound is beneficial, if individuals should use it with other compounds, or how best to take it.
Can I Buy CBG Oil?
CBG isn’t widely available in the UK, but some retailers are starting to offer this compound.
As with all cannabinoid products, it is vital to check the certificate of analysis before purchase to make sure it does not contain THC.
Isolate CBG is also growing in popularity. If purchasing these products, don’t get caught up in the marketing hype. Any reports of CBG offering a superior experience to CBD are likely to be based on anecdotal evidence.
Until there is more research on the impact of CBG on the human endocannabinoid system, choosing a CBG oil over CBD is based on little more than a hunch.